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Jan Bułhak

Jan Bułhak - Unknown, Public Domain
Jan Bułhak
©Unknown, Public Domain

Jan Bułhak (1876-1950) was a pioneer of photography in Poland and one of the best known Polish photographers of the early 20th century. A theoretician and philosopher of photography, he was among the most prominent exponents of pictorialism. He is best known for his landscapes and photographs of the city of Vilnius (then in Poland, now in Lithuania); he was also the founder of the Wilno Photoclub (1927) and Polish Photoclub, the predecessors of the modern Union of Polish Art Photographers (ZPAF), of which Bułhak was also an honorary headperson.

Jan Brunon Bułhak was born on October 6, 1876 in Ostaszyn near Nowogródek, Russian Empire (now Navahrudak, Belarus). His parents were Walery Antoni Stanisław Bułhak of Syrokomla and Józefa née Haciska of Roch, both local landowners. He owned a photographic studio in Vilnius and, from 1919, was also a professor of Artistic Photography at the Stefan Batory University (now Vilnius University).

After World War II he was expelled from his home by the Soviets and resettled to Giżycko, where he died on February 4, 1950.

Main source: Wikipedia, GNU FDL